I am interested in seeing what you lobsters are using your Pis for? I got the original one stored away in a closet and a 3b disconnect but online for no apparent reason.
I love having a home server that is something I can ssh into from anywhere and takes only 5W of power. I use it for tmux+weechat (IRC), HomeAssistant, a few web pages served by nginx, and a USB Disk is connected to send backup data from my laptop.
I made a weird jukebox with one. Here are a few short videos (sound on).
Wow, this is really amazing. I would love to see more, how did you make it and how does it work?
I made something similar: http://beza1e1.tuxen.de/raspberry_rfid_music_player.html
Sadly, it did not go well with the kids. They unplugged it all the time and it takes a minute to boot. They are back to cheap CD players.
I really like that!
Now you have to make the music change when you shave that yak.
A retro console for the kids
Me too; they have a RetroPie with tons of roms.
Pi-Hole - ad-blocking DNS server
TNC-Pi - add-on board that provides an AX.25 packet radio modem
I have 2 set up so far, but I have 2 more I’m considering.
For the two I have, one is a Pi 4 4GB running Kodi (by way of LibreELEC), connected to my TV. The other one is a Pi 3 running Home Assistant. Both run cool/fine, and are single purpose for each.
I’m also considering running a music server (some combination of MPD and snapcast) for one of the remaining pi’s. I had purchased a 314GB HDD from WD when they sold them stupid cheap, and it’s been sitting idle since then. That’s plenty of storage for a music collection.
I really like this. I have been thinking about replacing my Apple TV for some time. How do you control your Kodi install? Keyboard? Or does it work with some remote controller?
You can use your TV remote. (If it’s connected with hdmi and supports CEC protocol)
Oh I see, I have to check that out. Thanks!
You can also use a mobile app (Kore) to control Kodi on your local network.
I use it for PiHole and to host some websites. Otherwise, there’s plenty of fun stuff to do with GPIO. I’ve messed with LCDs and such.
We used the Raspberry Pi as the onboard computer for the FarmBot project (open source gardening robot).
I use one as my television/radio. I have a 3b+ with LibreELEC (ie: Kodi aka XBMC) on it. It can play from my NAS, Youtube and internet radio stations. Combined with a cheap remote control off Amazon it works great and my family use it all the time.
I also tried using it as a Steam Link but that didn’t work so well - there’s quite a bit of lag as I use Powerline adapters in my homenetwork.
One with octopi and a camera as a 3D-printer print server. I have my “lab” in the attic so I can monitor print jobs from anywhere.
I have a pi ‘clone’ that I use for the exact same purpose. It’s low power, and very capable of running octoprint & streaming 720p video for spying on prints from across the house.
Which pi clone?
Orange Pi Lite. I called it a clone mainly because it supports the same 40pin header as the rpi, but it is armhf (not aarch64) and it includes Wifi. Since it’s headless (I don’t need 3D accel) I can (and do) run the latest mainline kernel on Arch Linux ARM on it.
I’ve got a couple running CoreDNS to run as the internal DNS servers for the home network (deliberately separate from the EdgeRouter and Microserver so I can do maintenance), and a third with a temperature sensor attached so I can monitor the temperature in my office.
I’ve got a Pi 3 running Arch Linux with OpenVPN so I can VPN home from out and about. Same machine also runs Pi-Hole and acts as the internal DNS server for my local network.
Then I’ve got a Pi 4 hooked up to my family room TV running Lakka nightlies with a variety of wired USB game controllers that I use to play retro games.
I’ve got two older Pi 2s sitting in a closet somewhere. One was my OpenVPN server before it got replaced by the 3b+, the other was from a Kano system that I was hoping would get my kids interested in programming, but they lost interest in it pretty quickly since it was so slow and clunky to use.
I’m using three as a Kubernetes cluster so I can learn how to set it up on cheap hardware. Learned a lot along the way, and I’d highly encourage anyone else interested in learning Kubernetes to do the same!
Do you have a writeup on this?
Yeah, I shared a write up by someone else about a month ago: https://www.jeffgeerling.com/blog/2019/everything-i-know-about-kubernetes-i-learned-cluster-raspberry-pis
At $work we use them to monitor everything from datacentre AC units and live streams to medical refridgerators over SNMP.
I used mine to flash Libreboot on my Thinkpad X200, and now I’m looking into using it as an emulation console in an arcade cabinet. Before Libreboot, I used it to host my website for a year or so.
That’s about all it does. The only other thing I did to make it all work nicely was to add a daily cron job for a DDNS script, which checks its IP, and if it’s changed (since ISPs do that from time to time), it updates its DNS records at my domain registrar. That way I get nice domains for things.
What is the URL of your gopherhole?
finger email@example.com for contact, please, if you’d rather not post…
I have two, one is a remote logging/programming device attached to some work hardware via a JLink, and the other is my new personal home XMPP/Jabber server running Prosody (with free DNS via Cloudflare and port forwarding on my home NAT/router).
I am planning to use mine as a network management system (DHCP, DNS, firewall, NAT, TFTP) to be able to netinstall and bootstrap ad-hoc networks more complex than a simple router.
We have three at work for building the ARM flavor of the Azure Pipelines agent. I don’t recommend this: that leg takes 45 minutes to build and test. Our next longest leg is Windows which takes under 10.
It’s a good development environment for things with weird interfaces. This is next up for me… you can run full fledged editors and have ready access to GPIO pins for bit-banging and (in the case of what I linked) SPI, onewire, etc. and save yourself the headaches that often accompany inexpensive knock-off USB adapters for those protocols on a more standard PC.
If an orange pi zero counts: NAS, youtube-dl, aria2 torrents, fossill and rclone.
RP zero attached to 2.3” eink panel for fast reading experiments.
RP 3 and waveshare’s game hat + retro pi.
Openvpn and ad-blocking dns at home (using unbound, not pi-hole)
I have several, all Model Bs:
One Pi 2 is my backup server, it is connected to an external drive via USB. It backs up the contents of my NAS/web server, my VPS, and gets backups pushed to it from various laptops and phones.
I have two Pi 3s in my living room, one for emulated videos games for my kids and one to run Kodi. I could probably figure out a way to combine them into one but haven’t bothered because these things are so dang cheap.
One Pi 4 runs a Minecraft server for my kids (and wife… and me)
Some time soon, I’m going to buy another Pi 4 soon to replace an HP Chromebox that I’ve had running as my NAS for a few years. It has better performance and lower power.
I can see my self replacing my firewall with a Pi 4 eventually, if (and only if) OPNSense (which is FreeBSD with PHP web GUI) runs okay on it.
I keep telling myself I’m going to buy a gaggle of these to run a Kubernetes cluster on but I’m having a hard time coming up with an application that would actually justify it.
I’ve hooked my Pi 4 to a 4TB usb drive and I’m using it as a borg-backup repository!
Pi Hole (network level ad-blocking for all devices in our home network) and Spotify server controlling the speakers in our living room, using raspotify.
How do you turn on/off the speakers? Any recommendations?
Haha yes, that’s the part that could do with some improvement I guess. We just don’t since power draw is very low with speakers on, or we do it manually as the speakers are in an accessible spot. Same with volume control btw, haven’t yet figured out how to control device volume from Spotify on other devices.
Having one with headless installation, used for:
I set up my church with image and video digital signage siding Dropbox and mpv: https://gitlab.com/randall.mason/dropbox-signage
They have about nine TVs that display individual slideshows for welcome signage and other information.
I have a pi 4 that I use as a full Linux host when using macos or chrome os: https://gitlab.com/randall.mason/pi4-ethernet-gadget
Helpful for the few things that don’t work well in vms.
I also stick a couple plugged into outlets I care about like sump pumps and freezers that call me when they go down using uptime robot and ifttt.
I have a few of them, they run my HomeAssistant server, a Plex server, an Octopi server (which goes mostly unused) and another that drives whatever weird project I’m working on. They’re nice for just testing out things. I’d like to see at some point about trying to integrate a touch-enabled screen and making one that I can use at my little baking area to store recipes and stuff on, right now I use an iPad which works okay but turns off at inopportune times and also gets appropriated by my wife when she wants to play games on it. Something dedicated would be nice.
My 3 is currently sitting on my desk, I wanted to use it to have an easy always-on Linux box at hand, but working on it interactively is just too slow (might be the sd card or the usb stick, whatever).
We have a ton at work where they are the typical prototype thing. Need something small with an ethernet port where you can write code/reuse code without doing embedded development? -> RasPi
I might be repurposing it to run pihole soon.
This has been my experience with them as well. I/O performance, even with the 3B+, has been very frustrating. I’m hoping the 4 solves a lot of that, but I’m holding off on buying one until a) the case situation improves; b) they fix the USB-C power connection to be standard-compliant; c) they fix the HDMI-out so that high resolutions don’t kill the wifi; and d) the NixOS people get a chance to catch up to it.
I’ve been using Raspberry Pis for various things basically since they’ve been out and the one thing I have always done to make performance acceptable is to always use a USB drive for any kind of I/O. I only ever use the SD card for booting the OS. In the case of my backup server (which ran on a Pi 1 for a few years), even the OS root partition is on an external disk. SD cards were never designed to be general-purpose computing storage. They were designed for bulk reads and writes (for digital cameras, picture frames, and music players) and suck for everything else.
In the case of the Pi 4, a) you can buy a good quality FLIRC aluminum case that effectively dissipates heat and it doesn’t cost much more than the official one b) yeah they dropped the ball on this one but cheap USB-C power supplies with enough power for the Pi 4 are not exactly rare c) this is only a problem at one specific resolution, it’s not clear there is a fix since cheap HDMI cables with poor shielding seem to be a major contributing factor.
Thanks for the advice. Even with a Pi3B+ talking to a USB HDD, I was frustrated with performance. What did you use? Is flash-style mass storage much better?
Re: HDMI cables: I thought it got bad at or above a certain resolution, but I might be wrong there.
The 4 has USB3 ports which are substantially faster than the interface you get in the 3B+. Combine that with a USB solid-state drive and IO performance becomes acceptable.
I have a torrent box connected via HDMI to my TV.
I download stuff, then watch it on my tv.
The same can be achieved by connecting my laptop, but this is more convenient.
It has a raspbian + retropie + kodi
I use mine to flash my FPGA
I hope to use a 4 soon as a NAS for backups but with extra features of: music streaming (hopefully switching a hifi tower on/off through an IR diode), photos sharing, ipfs and/or scuttlebutt server.
I have a pi3b running Kodi attached to the TV in my livingroom - low power and silent. Files are hosted on my NAS, elsewhere.
I have a pi2b stuck to the back of an old monitor in my office that shows a “dashboard” with Nagios status, weather and reminders and stuff.
I have a pi1b on my back patio running sprinklers_pi, that is a replacement for one of those Rainbird sprinkler timers. It has a nice mobile web interface, and adjusts watering times based on the weather.
I have a pi0 that will jump in as a replacement desktop in emergencies.
I don’t have Ethernet at garage, so I build a poor man’s WiFi bridge using RPI 1B with parprouted and dhcp-helper (dhcp relay).
To bring network to noisy servers.
How’s this work? My wifi is at the wrong end of my house, and I don’t own the place so I can’t pay a sparkie to put in some cables.
It works by
Rpi with a wlan0 interface and eth0.
Step 1. Rpi relay dhcp request from eth0 to wlan0, then relay response back.
Step 2. For the system on eth0, rpi will respond to ARP on wlan0 with it’s own mac, similar to ARP poisoning. Same for the devices on wlan0.
I had two USB and LAN controllable powerstrips which died due to bad capacitors on the MCU board. I gutted these, and put Raspberry Pi Zero Ws plus new relays plus diodes in them. these run alpine linux now.
If someone has a hint on how to measure energy consumption per socket, please share! :)
My first Raspberry1 with piface board is still controlling and logging a fermentation box made from an older refrigerator, a heating mat and two 12V OC fans. Could be done with a 20€ thermostat, or an arduino, too, but the logging part was easier in linux.
Its first job was to control a chicken coop door and light (cron + sunwait)
I gave up on timelapse videos due to lack of time.
For network-heavy stuff there are better boards, I heard that the RP4 is better, but I do not own one.
If someone is better in electronics than me: a USB3 “changer” would be nice!
You plug it into a PC or server, you tell it which of the seven attached USB3 external HDDs you want, than you do you backup. Each external drive would only once be powered on per week, and one could have ransomware-proof backups.
I have my 3 duct-taped to a powered USB hub and a pair of USB hard drives on software RAID; it runs a cron job to synchronise anything I put on it to AWS Glacier for backup.
Please share a photo of this!
This is the previous version:
It’s an original Pi. I’ve since upgraded to a Pi3, and switched to black duct tape from blue electrical tape.
Oh yeah, the metal thing it’s sitting on is the server it replaced: a 2007 Mac Pro. Beautiful machine, cost north of $10k new, and costs as much as a small space heater to run o_O
I have a gutted out case of a G4 powermac waiting to one day house a switch and a pile of pis and/or NUCs.