See also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._O._Wilson
Desert ant navigation and bee navigation is fascinating! The wilson link is awesome, and do take a look at the original papers by Wehner
Also, bees use an optical flow odometer!
Basically, if you are interested in robots, you should definitely look into insect vision, navigation and behavior work for inspiration how how to build simple, robust circuits that are not general processors, but do very well in niche environments.
The Journal of Experimental Biology you linked to treasure trove of Ant research. Thanks!
Here are some Bee Optical Flow papers:
I love JEB and I also love Animal Behavior. A search for the keyword “navigation” will have you a nice stack of reading.
consider the cogsci tag
Great suggestion. Can no longer edit.